House Order of the Wendish Crown
The Grand Ducal House Order of the Wendish Crown is the oldest and most senior order
of the House of Mecklenburg. It was jointly instituted on 12 May 1864 by Grand Duke
Friedrich Wilhelm of Mecklenburg-
The House Order of the Wendish Crown was instituted in order to show honour and respect
for the special and extraordinary merit of persons who show true honesty in attitude
and life. As it was jointly instituted the position of head of order was held jointly
by the reigning grand duke’s of Mecklenburg-
The Order of the Wendish Crown was worn for the first time on the day of its founding when Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II wore the chain and badge of the order during his wedding to Princess Anne of Hesse and by Rhine.
The House’s of Mecklenburg-
During the monarchy the Order of the Wendish Crown was given to a number of European
sovereigns and royals. The reigning emperors and kings who received the Mecklenburg-
As the Wendish Crown is a house order and as such attached to the House of Mecklenburg
rather than the state, successive heads of the House’s of Mecklenburg-
Members of the House of Mecklenburg-
The House Order of the Wendish Crown is composed of four classes.
1a) Grand Cross with the Crown in Ore
1b) Grand Cross with the Crown in Gold
2) Grand Commander
In addition to the above classes there was also:
The Cross of Merit which was available in a) gold and b) silver, which could be given as special honorary decoration.
Under the orders statue of 12 May 1864 males are eligible to receive any of the four class while females are eligible to receive only the first two classes. There are also limits on the number of awards that can be given and who is eligible to receive certain classes depending on rank, although exceptions have been made to the eligibility criteria.
The insignia of the order
The badge of the order is a white eight pointed Maltese cross with each of the four
angles possessing a golden griffin. The Grand Cross badge came with gold balls on
the points of the four angles. The roundel of the badge has a blue centre upon which
lays a gold Wendish Crown and a red outer layer which has the orders motto inscribed
upon it. Depending upon the awarding sovereign the motto will differ. For the Mecklenburg-
Holders of the class Grand Cross wear the badge hanging at the bottom of a 4 inch wide blue sash which passes from the right shoulder to the left hip. The bottom of the blue sash where the badge is located has inner yellow and outer red side stripes. Those with the Crown in Ore wear the badge on the chain if they have been awarded it. Holders of the class Grand Commander and Commander wear the badge on a 3 inch wide ribbon around the neck. Knights wear the badge on the left chest on a ribbon that is slightly narrower than that of the Grand Commander and Commander’s.
Female royals who receive the class Grand Cross with the Crown in Ore have the crown and motto on their badge made of diamonds. They wear their badge on a bow on their left shoulder, unless they have received the chain. Women can also receive the classes Grand Cross with the Crown in Gold and Grand Commander in diamonds. Only women with the Grand Cross with the Crown in Gold receive the bow.
The ribbon for the order is blue with inner yellow and outer red side stripes which are the three national colours of Mecklenburg. Holders of the cross of merit receive a red ribbon with blue inner and yellow outer stripes.
In addition to the badge those awarded the Grand Cross and Grand Commander also receive a star that is worn on the left chest. The holder of the class Grand Cross has an eight pointed silver star while the Grand Commander’s have a four pointed silver star. Both have a central roundel like the one found on the badge.
A chain could be awarded to those who hold the class Grand Cross with the Crown in Ore. It consists of four Wendish Crown’s, four monograms of the respective founder’s initials and a total of eight griffins, one either side of the Wendish Crown’s which the griffins are holding. Those who were awarded the chain would wear their badge at the front of the chain.
Heads of the order